Assorted Goldfish

Assorted Goldfish

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Carassius auratus auratus

Note: Due to variations within species, your item may not look identical
to the image provided


Carassius carassius auratus, Cyprinus auratus,
Carassius auratus, Cyprinus mauritianus, Cyprinus thoracatus, Carassius
chinensis, Cyprinus maillardi, Carassius auratus cantonensis


Native to China, Hong Kong, Japan, Laos, Macau
and Myanmar. Introduced to over 70 other countries, with several reporting
adverse ecological impact.

Sexual Dimorphism

Mature females fuller bodied. Mature males show
breeding tubercles on gill plates & pectoral fins.

Maximum Size

Usually up to 46cm (18"), although larger
specimens have been reported.

Water Parameters

Neutral to alkaline conditions preferred. pH:
7.0-8.0, dH: up to 25 degrees.


Coldwater - subtropical: 04-30 deg C (39-86 deg


Large fish community


No special requirements



The goldfish is an old favourite for many, and is best kept
in a pond situation. Of course, they may be kept in well-filtered spacious
aquaria (with a large surface area for oxygen exchange), but they will very
much appreciate the freedom and space that a garden pond can provide. Given
such an unrestricted expanse and excellent water conditions, this is a fish
that has been known to grow as large as 60cm (24") and live for well over
25 years. Sadly, the goldfish is all too often mistreated, being kept in
cramped unfiltered conditions. There is a mistaken belief that these relatively
hardy fish can cope with any conditions that are thrown at them, but this is
not the case and they should be treated with the same respect given to other
aquatic creatures in our care. As with all other fish, regular maintenance is
required to keep them in good health. Goldfish are notoriously messy feeders,
and continually stir up the substrate in their ongoing search for food.
Powerful filtration is essential, and regular partial water changes are
advised, particularly in the confines of aquariums and smaller ponds. The water
should be well-oxygenated (of particular importance during warmer spells of
weather) and this is easily achieved in a pond situation by use of fountains,
air pumps, waterfalls etc and may be aided further by the incorporation of
oxygenating aquatic plants. Goldfish should be kept in groups of 5 or more of
their own kind and may be successfully kept alongside shubunkin and sarasa
comets. In larger ponds, bigger fish such as tench and orfe may also be
considered. It may be of interest that the natural colour form of the goldfish
is actually a greenish-brown. Many many centuries ago, the Chinese started
breeding the species that we see today from a yellowy-orange fish (a result of
gene mutation). This selective breeding has not only seen various colour forms
emerge, but also fin and body shape differences that are far removed from the
original forms.



Pond flakes, pond pellets, pond sticks, frozen/live foods
etc. As the water temperature cools down in late Autumn, a lower protein
wheatgerm-based food should be fed.



Mature goldfish will breed on a regular basis in
established ponds so do make occasional checks to ensure that the pond is not
becoming overstocked. In larger ponds, keeping fish that will consume the
goldfish eggs - such as orfe - is a natural way of keeping the population in
check. Goldfish lay their eggs amongst aquatic vegetation (or on artificial
spawning mops) and these usually hatch within 48-72 hours depending on water
temperature. Young goldfish are brown in colour (like their ancestors) and it
can take up to a year before full orange colouration becomes apparent.